SAN FRANCISCO -- Apple Inc. is refining its plans to annex the living room into its entertainment empire.
Apple last week unveiled a smaller, cheaper version of Apple TV, which connects to a high-definition television and can show rented movies and TV shows from Apple's own service, plus content from Netflix, photos on Flickr, YouTube clips and more.
The new $99 gadget marks an improvement over Apple's first television set-top box, which went on sale in 2007. The original Apple TV had to sync with a computer, a concept most consumers weren't ready for, Apple CEO Steve Jobs said. It also didn't record live TV shows the way TiVo and other digital recorders did, at a time when that was becoming a popular way to watch TV.
"We've sold a lot of them, but it's never been a huge hit," Jobs said of the existing Apple TV, which went for $229.
Jobs, who presided over a media event in San Francisco wearing a black crew neck instead of his trademark mock turtleneck, also unveiled social media features for its iTunes software, a new lineup of iPods including a touch-screen Nano and new software for its iPhone, iPod Touch and iPad devices.
Apple's new TV box, about 4 inches square, still doesn't record TV, but it comes at a time when more people have gotten used to watching shows online.
The device lets people rent, not buy, content. Apple TV owners will pay $4.99 to rent first-run high-definition movies the day they come out on DVD. High-definition TV show rentals will be 99 cents.
Apple said the same movie studios that have allowed iTunes users to rent and buy movies have agreed to include their titles for streaming. Apple did not rent TV shows before, but now episodes will be available from News Corp.'s Fox, The Walt Disney Co.'s ABC, ABC Family and Disney Channel and BBC America. Jobs said he hoped other television companies would join once the service gains popularity.
Apple TV, which will be available within a month, will also display shows, movies, photos and music streamed over Wi-Fi from other devices -- computers with iTunes installed, as well as iPhones, iPads and the iPod Touch. For example, an iPad owner could start watching a movie on the tablet, then walk into the living room and, with a few taps, finish watching it on the TV screen.
Consumers may have grown more savvy about watching TV over the internet since Apple's first attempt, but Apple now faces increased competition for their attention.
Some TV companies replay episodes on their own websites, while others allow viewers to tune in on aggregator sites such as Hulu. Netflix has made its streaming library available to its subscribers on many devices, including Microsoft Corp.'s Xbox 360 video game system, Apple's own iPhone and iPod and Roku's set-top boxes. Roku, anticipating Apple's announcement, cut the prices of its devices this week, with the least expensive now costing $60. A high-definition version costs $70 -- still $29 less than the new Apple TV.
In a surprise counter-punch, Amazon.com began selling ABC, Fox and BBC TV shows for 99 cents each to own, not just rent. The shows, in standard and high-def, are a mirror image of the content available to rent on Apple TV; people can watch on PCs, using Roku's set-top box and through other devices that carry Amazon's Video on Demand service.
In Fox's case, Amazon did not seek to renegotiate the wholesale price on the shows, according a person familiar with the matter. That means Amazon has likely cut into its own profit margin to stay competitive.
Forrester analyst James McQuivey said in an interview Wednesday that he doesn't believe Apple TV will add significant momentum to the currently small set-top box business. Nor does McQuivey believe it will grow into a big moneymaker for Apple, a company that has successfully built buzz around the iPhone and iPad, such that customers camp out for hours or days to be among the first to own one.