Q. What does F1 mean on a seed package?
A. The F1 means the first generation of offspring from the crossing of two strains of genotypes (first generation of two parent lines). The F2 generation would be the offspring that would result when crossing two individuals of the F1 generation.
Q. I saw the label determinate and indeterminate on tomatoes. What does that mean?
A. Determinate tomatoes are small, compact plants that grow to a certain height, then flower and set all their fruit within a short time. The harvest period for determinate tomatoes is generally short, making them good choices for canning.
Indeterminate tomatoes continue to grow, flower and set fruit until killed by the first fall frost. Thus, the harvest from indeterminate varieties often extends over 2 or 3 months. Yields are generally heavier than determinate types, but are usually later to mature. Indeterminate tomatoes are tall, sprawling plants that often perform best when supported by stakes or a tall wire cage.
Q. Who helps 4-H members run their club?
A. 4-H members are taught by adult volunteer club leaders. Each club has one or more adult leaders. Leaders teach, organize and oversee the club, help club officers conduct business meetings, and keep parents updated about 4-H activities and deadlines. There are a variety of leadership roles:
Main club leader: club organizer.
Project leader: works with members on their projects.
Activity leader: responsible for one or more activities. Examples are: recreation, record keeping, public presentations, and community service.
Resource leader: someone knowledgeable about a specific project area that clubs can turn to for assistance or advice.
Q. Do you have recommendations as to what vaccinations I should give my cow herd?
A. Determining what vaccinations you should give your cow herd needs to be specifically targeted to your operation. In general, routine vaccinations for all include IBR, PI3, BVD and BRSV (BRD complex; may need to add Pasturella and Haemophilus too); Lepto-5 way (prevent abortions; may need to add campylobacter); and usually Clostridial 8-way. Other vaccinations may include scours vaccines for dry cows, bucellosis for replacement heifers and others depending on the locality. The best way to know for sure is to develop a Veterinary Client Patient Relationship (VCPR) with a veterinarian to assist in making health care decision for your animals.