Q. All of the squash and cucumbers in my garden last year had a white powdery substance on the leaves. What is it?
A. Conditions last fall were conducive to formation of powdery mildew. Many cultivars exhibit some resistance to the disease, while others do not. If this is a common problem in your garden, try to select cultivars with resistance to powdery mildew.
Q. I have some frozen berries in my freezer. Can I use them to make jam?
A. Absolutely. Simply thaw your berries and measure the amount called for the recipe. The freezing does not affect the ability of the berries to gel, or to make a good tasting jam. In the future, you might consider freezing your berries in the amount you need for the recipe.
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Although the amount of time needed to measure berries is not lengthy, having them pre-measured is convenient.
Q. How big is the Columbia Basin Project, which is irrigated from Grand Coulee Dam?
A. According to the Department of the Interior, the Columbia Basin Project irrigates about 65 percent of the ultimate goal of 1,029,000 acres. There are 640 acres in a square mile and the dam irrigates about 670,000 acres of land daily.
The project has more than 300 miles of main canals, about 2,000 miles of smaller canals and 3,500 miles of drains and waste ways. For more information, go to http://on.doi.gov/11SnGsC.
Q. I have teenagers who are bored with regular 4-H. Is there something else they can do?
A. Yes, there are unique teen opportunities available in 4-H. A great chance to get involved in is coming up March 2-3. The Washington State Teen Leadership Summit is where teens from across the state meet in Cle Elum to increase their leadership skills. If you want your teens to attend, contact the WSU — Franklin County Extension Office in Pasco at 509-545-3511. Also, in June there is the teen conference held in Pullman at the WSU Campus, and the fall has teen rallies occurring in locations throughout the state.
-- Questions should be called in to the WSU Extension offices in Kennewick at 735-3551 or Pasco at 547-3511.