Q. How can I tell if my cherry tree has the cherry fruit fly? What does it look like?
A. The cherry fruit fly is about one-fifth inch long with a black body and black stripes on the wings. The larvae are whitish maggots that live in the fruit. There are pictures on the web. Commercial growers cannot tolerate any cherry fruit fly because their fruit will be rejected for export to other countries. By Washington law, this is a pest that must be controlled.
Q. Can vegetables be safely canned without salt?
A. Yes. The measure of salt called for in most vegetable recipes is too small to help prevent spoilage; it is there only for seasoning. To prepare vegetables with less or no salt, omit it or reduce the amount. Do not omit or reduce salt from pickled foods or seafoods.
Q. After a beef cow is bred, how long is it until she has her calf?
A. The average gestation length for a beef cow is about 285 days. However, it can vary by a week or two. Breed, age of cow, sex of calf, sire and nutrition also can affect gestation length. Q. I’m a 4-H leader, and I’m struggling with teaching. How can I become a better instructor?
A. With youth or adults, three steps can make you or anyone a better, more effective teacher. Learning occurs best when people are doing.
1. Explore: explain the activity and what they are supposed to do, then do it.
2. Reflect: ask observation questions like what happened? What else did you see? What did it feel like?
3. Apply: again, ask questions.
The “Do, Reflect, Apply” method will foster learning while making it fun. For more information, email Natalie Kinion at firstname.lastname@example.org.
- Questions should be called in to the WSU Extension offices in Kennewick at 735-3551 or Pasco at 545-3511.