Q. Should I vaccinate my farm animals for tetanus?
A. Yes. Tetanus can be a fatal disease to most farm animals. Tetanus, often called lockjaw, is caused by a potent neurotoxin produced by the spore-forming bacterium Clostridium tetani found in the soil. After the two-dose initial vaccination, farm animals should be given an annual vaccination. Consult with your veterinarian for the best vaccination program.
Q. Is now a good time to fertilize my lawn?
A. Yes, now is a good time to fertilize the lawn. Be prepared to mow more often once you fertilize. Mow your lawn at the recommended height (2 to 2.5 inches for Kentucky bluegrass lawns) and never remove more that one-third of the leaf blade in any one mowing. This may mean mowing more than once a week when the grass is growing rapidly. You will scalp your lawn by mowing too closely, or removing more than one-third of the leaf blade at any one time.
Q. What types of grapes can I grow for edible leaves?
A. Usually, the wine grape varieties belonging to the species Vitis vinifera are used for stuffed grape leaves. However, juice grape varieties also can be used. Younger leaves usually are better, and make sure you are aware of any pre-harvest intervals of any chemicals used on your grapes. The timing must match when you harvest leaves, not the grapes.
Q. Who really runs the 4-H program?
A. Volunteers are the key to providing 4-H programs. Interested adult volunteers are always needed to lead clubs and to assist with 4-H activities. Orientation and training are provided, so no previous experience is necessary. Volunteers are supported by a professional staff, including a county 4-H educator. Natalie Kinion, who is a faculty member at Washington State University, is the 4-H educator for Benton and Franklin Counties. She is responsible for the countywide program. There are various county 4-H support and advisory groups made up of adult volunteers. State and national 4-H personnel assist county 4-H professionals.
-- Questions should be called in to the WSU Extension offices in Kennewick at 735-3551 or Pasco at 545-3511.